primary Block:

Explore Your World

Exploring allows learners to investigate, play, grow, pretend, invent, and develop relationships with others and with the environment. Learners select topics of interest and for enjoyment and explore subject-area themes connected to science, social studies, health, and personal wellness. They develop interests, social and emotional well-being, and personal safety strategies which help a child feel valued, secure, and ready to learn. Learners get to know their peers, find and fix problems, and show off their learning while experiencing and expressing a variety of emotions. Learning through authentic experiences and play motivates young children to be inquisitive and want to learn more. These learning opportunities enable children to connect their interests, cultures, and communities to their experiences and the world around them.




  • play
  • curiosity
  • inquiry
  • nature and the natural world
  • how things work
  • languages
  • preferences


  • relationships
  • trust
  • self-care
  • safety
  • local cultures and histories
  • seasonal and cultural events

Strand: Literacies and Communications

Big Idea: Communicative Practices

Skill Descriptor: Examine how language learning is beneficial.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Discuss what language learning means
  • Identify the benefits of being able to communicate in multiple languages

Skill Descriptor: Explore multiple languages.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Identify local and home languages, including English and French, Wolastoqey, Mi’kmaq, and American Sign Language

Skill Descriptor: Play with multiple languages.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Experiment and play with new words and symbols in multiple languages

Big Idea: Multimodal Literacies

Skill Descriptor: Refer to environmental print in multiple languages.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Recognize and refer to very simple and/or very common words in multiple languages, found in and around the classroom, and as modeled by the teacher

Skill Descriptor: Communicate in multiple languages using strategies for meaning making.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Use language play, actions, signs, imagery, and novel vocabulary to explore communications in multiple languages where appropriate

Big Idea: Literate Identities

Skill Descriptor: Demonstrate being a reader, writer, and communicator in multiple languages.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Attempt to integrate new words into communicative opportunities with others
  • Engage with a variety of media and/or text in multiple languages

Skill Descriptor: Use digital technologies to learn and communicate.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Use technology to explore multiple languages
  • View or create imagery, artwork, and messages in multiple languages

Strand: Well-Being

Big Idea: Emotional Health and Positive Identities

Skill Descriptor: Explore activities that foster enjoyment and well-being.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Play
  • Engage in child-led activities (e.g., games, make-believe, role-playing, building, etc.)
  • Explore curiosities

Skill Descriptor: Identify interests, passions, and strengths.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Share interests
  • Explain and explore passions
  • Name personal strengths

Skill Descriptor: Recognize that feelings and emotions can impact well-being, relationships, and the way we engage with others.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Identify emotions that can influence actions and reactions

Big Idea: Belonging and Interconnectedness

Skill Descriptor: Define and express needs, wants, and choices.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Use strategies to share needs, wants, and choices with others
  • Express likes and dislikes when making choices, engaging in play, and in other interactions
  • Communicate likes and dislikes related to physical interactions and affection

Skill Descriptor: Explore strategies that promote inclusion.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Describe what it feels like to be included
  • Describe what it feels like to be excluded
  • Consider the needs, wants, and choices of others
  • Use strategies to include others

Skill Descriptor: Examine how natural resources are connected to us and our environment.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Explore local natural resources
  • Define connections to one another and the world around us

Big Idea: Physical Health and Active Participation

Skill Descriptor: Analyze personal safety and healthy practices.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Define personal safety
  • Discuss healthy practices
  • Identify safe spaces, people, and behaviours
  • Use strategies that contribute to a healthy lifestyle
  • Discuss what “no” means, and when it’s appropriate to say “no”
  • Use anatomically correct terminology for body parts (e.g., buttocks, penis, scrotum, vagina, vulva, breasts, etc.)

Skill Descriptor: Apply behaviours and practices that promote safety.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Demonstrate safe behaviours and practices
  • Use practices that contribute to a safe and caring environment

Strand: Play and Playfulness

Big Idea: Imagination and Creativity

Skill Descriptor: Practise using flexible and fluid thinking in new and familiar situations.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Demonstrate an increased willingness to try new things, make mistakes, and receive and apply feedback

Skill Descriptor: Examine new activities, interests, and possibilities.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Create games, activities, and multiple opportunities to interact with others and the environment  

Big Idea: Exploration and Problem Solving

Skill Descriptor: Negotiate, compromise, and work together.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Demonstrate an increased willingness to reflect on alternate perspectives and conflicting points of views
  • Use creativity and innovation in interactions, play, and problem solving
  • Use conflict resolution strategies to work together and problem solve

Skill Descriptor: Gather evidence to create and answer questions.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Investigate and collect information to create and answer questions
  • Invent approaches to solving practical problems

Big Idea: Play and Inquiry

Skill Descriptor: Engage in activities that introduce elements of risk, novelty, and the unknown.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Participate in guided and free explorations to observe and answer questions around objects and activities that are new and familiar

Skill Descriptor: Interact with others to share interest, enjoyments, or new information.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Ask questions of each other, tinker, wonder, and prompt new play

Strand: Diversity and Social Responsibility

Big Idea: Inclusiveness and Equity

Skill Descriptor: Honour differences and uniqueness.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Use respectful and socially responsible language and practices
  • Define what makes us different and unique by using examples

Skill Descriptor: Act to change inequitable practices.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Explain what it means to be fair/unfair
  • Explore different perspectives of what it means to be fair
  • Demonstrate a willingness to promote fairness

Big Idea: Democratic Practices

Skill Descriptor: Act as responsible and responsive community members.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Demonstrate respect toward your community and your environment

Skill Descriptor: Participate in decision-making processes.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Demonstrate an increased willingness to investigate and reflect when making a decision

Big Idea: Sustainable Futures

Skill Descriptor: Recognize patterns in nature.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Observe objects, cycles, and living organisms in the environment to identify patterns and recurrences

Skill Descriptor: Explore sustainable practices.

Achievement Indicators:

  • Reduce consumption by reusing and repurposing materials
  • Demonstrate increased awareness of materials that can be reduced, reused, and recycled